A study by the Wildlife Conservation Research Unit of Oxford University in cooperation with Panthera showed that nations from relatively less developed countries are put a lot of effort into nature conservation. Among the investigated nations, which were ranked in the top 10, seven countries are from Africa.
The Central African Republic (CAR) ranks 7th because it is home to an amazingly diverse wildlife population. CAR is a landlocked state with five designated national parks, home to the bongo antelope, the western lowland gorilla, the central and eastern chimpanzee and the forest elephant. Dzanga-Sangha Protected Areas with the Dzanga Ndoki National Park is one of those five conservation hotpots in the country.
The study focuses on the conservation of the megafauna, i.e. the large land mammals. Adult carnivores in this category weigh 15 kg (33 pounds) or more, and adult herbivores or omnivores weight 100 kg (220 pounds) or more.
Ranking 152 countries the study puts in a Megafauna Conservation Index three elements:
- the proportion of land occupied by megafauna in a country
- the percentage of the megafauna habitat that is strictly protected
- the percentage of the GDP devoted to funding for domestic and international conservation efforts.
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Even habituated gorillas remain wild animals and can only be observed from a distance. That's why trying to identify the sex of a juvenile gorilla is like a game of chance, and even trained observers can hardly get more than a fifty percent hit rate.
written by Lara Nellissen
DSPA ecoguards helped to rescue a BaAka girl who had been kidnapped near Bayanga, the main village in Dzanga-Sangha, in late January 2021.
African elephant species now Endangered and Critically Endangered - IUCN Red List
Janika Wendefeuer is responsible for biomonitoring in the DSPA